About Scottish Folds


The original Scottish Fold was a white barn cat named Susie, who was found at a farm near Coupar Angus in Perthshire, Scotland, in 1961. Susie's ears had an unusual fold in their middle, making her resemble an owl. When Susie had kittens, two of them were born with folded ears, and one was acquired by William Ross, a neighboring farmer and cat-fancier. Ross registered the breed with the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in Great Britain in 1966 and started to breed Scottish Fold kittens with the help of geneticist Pat Turner. The breeding program produced 76 kittens in the first three years—42 with folded ears and 34 with straight ears. The conclusion from this was that the ear mutation is due to a simple dominant gene Susie’s only reproducing offspring was a female Fold named Snooks who was also white; a second kitten was neutered shortly after birth. Three months after Snooks' birth, Susie was killed by a car. All Scottish Fold cats share a common ancestry to Susie.


Folds are also known for sleeping on their backs. Scottish Folds typically have soft voices and display a complex repertoire of meows and purrs not found in better-known breeds. Folds are also known for sitting with their legs stretched out and their paws on their belly. This is called the "Buddha Position".



Scottish Folds, whether with folded ears or with normal ears, are typically good-natured and placid and adjust to other animals within a household extremely well. They tend to become very attached to their human caregivers and are by nature quite affectionate. Folds receive high marks for playfulness, affection, and grooming, and are often intelligent, loyal, soft spoken, and adaptable to home situations, people and children.


All Folds are born with straight, unfolded ears, and those with the Fold gene will begin to show the fold usually within about 21 days. The kittens that do not develop folded ears are known as Straights. The original cats only had one fold in their ears, but due to selective breeding, breeders have increased the fold to a double or triple crease that causes the ear to lie totally flat against the head. The breed's distinctive folded ears are produced by an incompletely dominant gene that affects the cartilage of the ears, causing the ears to fold forward and downward, giving a cap-like appearance to the head. Smaller, tightly folded ears set in a cap-like fashion are preferred to a loose fold and larger ear. The large, round eyes and rounded head, cheeks, and whisker pads add to the overall rounded appearance. Despite the folded ears, folds still use their aural appendages to express themselves—the ears swivel to listen, lay back in anger and prick up when the treat bag rustles. The Scottish Fold is a medium-sized cat, with males typically reaching 4 to 6 kg (9–13 lb), females 2.7–4 kg (6–9 lb). The Fold's entire body structure, especially the head and face, is generally rounded, and the eyes large and round. The nose will be short with a gentle curve and the cat's body well-rounded with a padded look and medium-to-short legs. The head is domed at the top, and the neck very short. The broadly-spaced eyes give the Scottish Fold a "sweet expression". Scottish Folds can be either long- or short-haired, and they may have nearly any coat color or combination of colours (including white).

In TICA the standards they look for in showing are:

SCOTTISH BREED GROUP (SF/SFL/SCS/SCL) The Scottish cats are best known for the Scottish Fold (SF) with its distinctive ears and large, round eyes, which give it a sweet, open expression. The Scottish Fold Longhair (SFL) is the longhaired version of this breed. The Scottish Straight (SCS) is the straight eared version of the Scottish Fold. The Scottish Straight Longhair (SCL) is the straight eared, longhaired version of this breed. 

HEAD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 points 

Shape.. . . . . . . . . . . 10 

Ears. . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 

Eyes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 

Chin. ............. 1 

Muzzle. . . . . . . . . . . . 3 

Nose.............. 3 

Profile. ............ 3 

BODY.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 points 

Torso. ............ 5 

Legs. ............. 4 

Feet. ............. 3 

Tail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 

Boning. ........... 3 

Musculature. ....... 5 

COAT/COLOR/PATTERN. . . 15 points 

Length. ........... 4 

Texture. ........... 5 

Pattern. ........... 3 

Color.............. 3 

OTHER.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 points

Balance. . . . ....... 2 

Condition. . . ....... 2 

Temperament.. . . . . . 1 


Traditional and Pointed. 



PERMISSIBLE OUTCROSSES: American Shorthair, British Shorthair, British Longhair 

HEAD: Shape: Well rounded. Prominent cheeks with a jowly appearance. Overall look should have a sweet, open expression. Should be round from any angle. 


Folds: Folded forward and downward. Small, tightly folded ear preferred. The ears should be set in a cap-like fashion to expose a rounded cranium, not set high on the head. Size of ear is not as important as ear set and fold. Ear tips to be rounded. 

Straight: Size is medium to small with rounded tips. The set is the same wide set to show a rounded top head. Eyes: Wide open, large and round with sweet expression. 

Eye color to conform to coat color. 

Chin: Should be moderate. 

Muzzle: Moderate wide muzzle to have well-rounded whisker pads. 

Nose: Broad and short. 

Profile: Gentle curve, brief stop is permitted. 

Neck: Head should blend into a short neck. 

BODY: Torso: Body should be medium and well rounded. Should be even from shoulder to pelvic girdle. 

Legs: Length in proportion to body. Cat should stand firmly and show no signs of weakness or lack of mobility in the hindquarters. 

Feet: Toes to be neat and wellrounded. 

 Tail: Must show normal flexibility and be in proportion to the body. 

Boning: Medium boning. 

Musculature: The Scottish should have a firm, muscular body, no sign of softness or flabbiness should be present. 

Revised 050114 

Scottish Breed Group Standard, 05/01/14 

COAT/COLOR/PATTERN: Length: (SF/SCS) Should be short, double coat preferred. Should not lie flat to the body. (SFL/SCL) Semi-long. Toe tufts and ear furnishings should be clearly visible. Ruff and britches desirable. 

Texture: (SF/SCS) Should be plush, dense and resilient. (SFL/SCL): Should be soft and stand away from the body. 

Pattern: All patterns. 

Color: All traditional and pointed colors accepted. 


Balance: Body should be medium and well-balanced and well-proportioned. 

Condition: Cat must exhibit a healthy condition. 

Temperament: Unchallenging. The Scottish is a sweet-tempered, affectionate cat and enjoys being with people. 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION: The Scottish Fold occurred as a spontaneous mutation in farm cats in Scotland. All bona-fide Scottish trace their pedigree to Susie, the first fold-ear cat discovered by the founders of the breed, William and Mary Ross. The Breed was subsequently established by outcrosses to both pedigreed breeds and domestic cats in the United States. One word can describe the Scottish and that is ROUND in every sense of the word. Round head, body, eyes, and feet. The Scottish Fold is best known for its distinctive ears and large, round eyes, which give it a sweet, open expression. They retain a "kittenish" expression their entire life. The shorthair is medium in size with a plush, dense coat. The longhair has the same standard as the Shorthair Fold/Straight with the exception of the coat, which is semi-long and stands away from the body. However, the longhair gives the breed a somewhat softer overall look. The Scottish Straight is identical with the same sweet open expression but with straight ears.

ALLOWANCES: Seasonal changes in coat length and texture for the longhair fold/straight. Lockets. 

PENALIZE: A heavy brow ridge is to be penalized as it closes down the face, making the cat look as if it is scowling or frowning and detracts from the sweet, open expression. The forehead should be smooth. A definite nose break is considered a fault. Any hint of lack of mobility in the cat due to short coarse legs. 

WITHHOLD ALL AWARDS (WW): Evidence of illness, poor health, emaciation. 

DISQUALIFY (DQ): Kinked tail. Tail lacking in flexibility. Temperament must be unchallenging; any sign of definite challenge shall disqualify. The cat may exhibit fear, seek to flee, or generally complain aloud but may not threaten to harm. In accordance with Show Rules, 

ARTICLE SIXTEEN, the following shall be considered mandatory disqualifications: a cat that bites (216.9), a cat showing evidence of intent to deceive (216.10), adult whole male cats not having two descended testicles (216.11), cats with all or part of the tail missing , except as authorized by a Board approved standard (216.12.1), cats with more than five toes on each front foot and four toes on each back foot, unless proved the result of an injury or as authorized by a Board approved standard (216.12.2), visible or invisible tail faults if Board approved standard requires disqualification (216.12.4), crossed eyes if Board approved standard requires disqualification (216.12.5), total blindness (216.12.6), markedly smaller size, not in keeping with the breed (216.12.9), and depression of the sternum or unusually small diameter of the rib cage itself ( See Show Rules, ARTICLE SIXTEEN for more comprehensive rules governing penalties and disqualifications. Revi  


About British Shorthairs

Compared to most shorthair breeds, British Shorthairs are relatively calm cats when they mature. They are easygoing in nature and talk infrequently. Very affectionate, they become quite attached to the people they own. British Shorthairs are easily trained and very adaptable. They seem to get along well with all human members of the household, regardless of age, but are usually not fond of being carried. Pets of all kinds have been kept with British Shorthairs, including dogs of all sizes, rabbits, and birds. British Shorthairs are not known for being acrobats and can tend to be clumsy at times. No breed specific, health related problems plague the British Shorthair.

These are sturdy, dense-coated, purring, teddy bear cats with large round eyes. Another thing that draws people to the British Shorthair is their size. Although they are not huge like the Maine Coon, they are a medium to large cat. They are a slow maturing breed and do not reach their full size until three years of age. Mature males average nine to seventeen pounds, and mature females average seven to twelve pounds. Although most people think of them as being blue cats, they come in a number of colors and patterns. Not every blue cat is a British Shorthair. It is still considered one of the minority breeds in CFA.

Probably the oldest English breed of cat, the British Shorthair can trace its ancestry back to the domestic cats of Rome. This breed was first prized for its physical strength and hunting ability. Today, the most they usually hunt is for their own food bowls. British Shorthairs may have started out as street cats in the United Kingdom, but with plenty of hard work from breeders all over the world, the British Shorthair has become a force to be reckoned with on the CFA show bench, having been recognized as a breed in May 1980. They are now beautiful, much-loved cats internationally.

Breeders normally make kittens available between twelve and sixteen weeks of age. The experts seem to agree that kittens first start bonding with humans around the age of twelve weeks. After twelve weeks, kittens have had their basic inoculations, have been weaned, and have had the time to become well-adjusted. Most breeders require that they remain safely indoors and that they be spayed/neutered. Due to the breeders’ diligence in placing cats, rarely does a British Shorthair need to be rescued from a shelter.